Colonoscopy is a test that allows a physician to examine the large intestine (rectum and colon). During the procedure, a flexible video endoscope is passed through the anus and guided through the rectum and colon to provide a diagnostic view of the lining of the colon and access for treatment.
Esophageal dilation is a procedure that allows your doctor to dilate, or stretch, a narrowed area of your esophagus [swallowing tube]. Doctors can use various techniques for this procedure. Your doctor might perform the procedure as part of a sedated endoscopy.
Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a procedure used to see inside the sigmoid colon and rectum. This procedure can detect inflamed tissue, abnormal growths, and ulcers. The procedure is used to look for early signs of cancer and can help doctors diagnose unexplained changes in bowel habits, abdominal pain, bleeding from the anus, and weight loss.
A Liver Biopsy is the removal of a small sample of tissue from the liver. It is a medical test that is done to aid diagnosis of liver disease, to assess the severity of known liver disease, and to monitor the progress of treatment. Liver biopsy is often required for the diagnosis of a liver problem (jaundice, abnormal blood tests) where blood tests, such as hepatitis A serology, have not been able to identify a cause.
Paracentesis is a procedure during which fluid from the abdomen is removed through a needle. There are two reasons to take fluid out of the abdomen. One is to analyze it. The other is to relieve pressure. Liquid that accumulates in the abdomen is called ascites. Ascites seeps out of organs for several reasons related either to disease in the organ or fluid pressures that are changing.
Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) is a method of placing a tube into the stomach percutaneously, aided by endoscopy. This technique was first described by Gauderer in 1980. Different variations of the technique include the pull, push, introducer, and Versa (T-fastener) methods.
Medical sonography (ultrasonography) is an ultrasound-based diagnostic medical imaging technique used to visualize muscles, tendons, and many internal organs, to capture their size, structure and any pathological lesions with real time tomographic images.
Esophagogastroduodenscopy (EGD) Upper endocscopy is a procedure where a flexible video endoscope is inserted into the mouth to look inside the upper digestive tract consisting of the esophagus, stomach and the first part of the small intestine or the duodenum.